Who sits in the European Parliament? Occupational background


Who sits in the European Parliament? Occupational background

With 751 Members of European Parliament (MEPs) from 28 countries, the European Parliament hosts a diverse group of lawmakers. But how diverse is this group exactly? How are they divided by age, gender and their educational and occupational background?

During the On Our Watch hackathon (October 2017), we looked at precisely this question. We collected data from the CVs of MEPs and on the basis of this, we visualise the composition of the European Parliament. You will find the results on their previous work areas below!

But, there is one important ‘disclaimer’: many of the MEPs have not shared their CV online at all! Search for your MEP here to see his or her full CV (or lack thereof).

cvonline

Read more about the educational background and the age and gender division of MEPs.

What past professional experience do MEPs have?

At the On Our Watch hackathon, a team has manually processed the CVs of MEPs and scored whether they had work experience in any or more of these sectors: NGO / non-profit, trade union, past political experience (before becoming an MEP), private sector, public sector and academia.

Even though the data is incomplete (we only have around half of the CVs of Members of European Parliament) there is still a clear pattern visible on the basis of the available data. Most Members of Parliament have previous political experience, for example as councillor or national member of parliament. Only a small group does not (report) such work experience.

Of those with CVs available, around half have work experience in the private sector and/or public sector. For example working for a company, owning your own company or working for a ministry.

A smaller but still substantial share has experience in academia, for example as professor.

Only a small group of MEPs have work experience in the NGO / non profit sector and at trade unions.

Professional experience represented in national groups

Which professional experience is represented in national groups? The above graph gives a rough idea of the work expertise they can build on!

!Be careful – this graph only shows what experience is represented. MEPs with multiple occupational backgrounds are counted multiple times, MEPs without CVs are not included, and a percentage is shown, which does not show that the size of national groups varies greatly. This is not an in-depth and complete research of professional experience of all MEPs – though of course we would welcome such a research!

 

Professional experience represented in committees

Which professional experience is represented in legislative committees? The above graph gives a rough idea of the work expertise they can build on!

!Be careful – this graph only shows what experience is represented. MEPs with multiple occupational backgrounds are counted multiple times, MEPs without CVs are not included, and a percentage is shown, which does not show that the size of national groups varies greatly. This is not an in-depth and complete research of professional experience of all MEPs – though of course we would welcome such a research!

Professional experience represented in political groups

Which professional experience is represented in the different national groups? The above graph gives a rough idea of the work expertise they can build on!

!Be careful – this graph only shows what experience is represented. MEPs with multiple occupational backgrounds are counted multiple times, MEPs without CVs are not included, and a percentage is shown, which does not show that the size of national groups varies greatly. This is not an in-depth and complete research of professional experience of all MEPs – though of course we would welcome such a research!